The Importance Of Timely Keratoconus Treatment

There are a number of eye conditions that people suffer from across the world and while some of them are easy to diagnose and treat, the others are tougher. Keratoconus is one such condition which is tough to identify without a proper examination and this is one of the main reasons why regular eye checkups are essential. Timely identification of keratoconus helps in effective keratoconus treatment.
Causes
There are tiny protein fibers in the eyes that are called collagen. The collagen helps keep the cornea in place and prevents it from bulging. In the event of the fibers weakening, the cornea cannot hold its shape anymore and starts becoming cone shaped. Keratoconus is caused by the constant decrease of the protective antioxidants that are present in the cornea.
This causes the cornea cells to produce damaging by products. In a normal situation, the antioxidants help get rid of them thereby protecting the collagen fibers. If the level of antioxidants decreases, the collagen becomes weak and the cornea starts bulging out. Keratoconus is known to run in families. If there is a history of Keratoconus in the family, it is advisable to test the children in the family at an early age and start Keratoconus treatment as early as possible. The condition of Keratoconus progresses rapidly if certain medical problems such as allergies are present in a person. Keratoconus can begin in children or in people that have reached the age of 30. Although it is not common for people above the age of 40 to be diagnosed with Keratoconus, there have been a few instances of it.
The changes in the cornea caused by Keratoconus can either happen quickly or gradually. As the shape of the cornea changes, patients will notice a change in vision. They will also start noticing halos, glare or streaking of lights. There is no pattern for Keratoconus and it can keep affecting the cornea for decades as well.
Keratoconus Treatment
It is impossible to focus without proper treatment when someone suffers from keratoconus. There is still no cure to the condition; however there are various treatment methods that help to control the condition from worsening. People who suffer from keratoconus might need to wear glasses or contact lenses in order for them to focus correctly. In severe cases, keratoconus treatment might involve surgery. While there are laser corrective surgeries that you can opt in for in the early stages of keratoconus, when the condition worsens one might need to opt in for a corneal transplant. This is a major surgery that is conducted only in severe cases of keratoconus.
Keratoconus can cause a number of vision problems which include irregular astigmatism or nearsighted. Only an eye doctor will manage to identify the condition in its early stages and suggest the right treatment method which is why it is essential to get an eye examination on a regular basis to avoid any problems with the eyes. In order to keep your eyes healthy, always make sure you visit your eye doctor regularly.

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